Art Vocabulary 2022-2023

Art Vocabulary List Art I, II, III,& IV

Visual Arts 

Art Vocabulary/Terms

  1. Acrylic paint: a fast drying synthetic paint made from acrylic resin.
  2. Analogous colors: Colors that are closely related to each other because a common color can be found; for example: blue, blue violet, violet colors.
  3. Asymmetrical: a type of balance where elements are arranged differently on each side of an imaginary mid-line.
  4. Background: the area that appears to be farthest away or behind the other objects.
  5. Balance: parts of the picture arranged symmetrically or asymmetrically so that the areas seem to have equal visual weight.
  6. Composition: organization of elements in space.
  7. Design: to create a work of art by combining elements of art into a planned whole.
  8. Elements of art: those components that make up the composition: line, value, space, texture, shape/form and color.
  9. Experimentation: to search out by trial.
  10. Foreground: the area that appears to be nearest and in front of the other objects.
  11. Image: a physical likeliness or representation of a person, animal, or thing, photographed, painted, or sculpted; a thought from the imagination made visible.
  12. Intensity: refers to the brightness or dullness of a color; amount of saturation.
  13. Line: the path of a moving point that is made by a tool, instrument, or medium as it moves across an area.
  14. Medium/Media: materials used to create an image.
  15. Middle ground: the area that appears between the foreground and background.
  16. Movement: in visual arts, the direction or flow in artwork.
  17. Organic: any living or natural shape that is not geometric.
  18. Pattern: a principle of design wherein element or combination of elements are repeated in a planned way
  19. Portrait: artwork that shows the face or figure of a person.
  20. Primary Colors: the basic colors that can't be reduced into component colors and be used to mix all other colors.
  21. Principles of Design: the way the elements of art such as balance, movement, patterns/repetition, unity/variety and emphasis are used to create a composition.
  22. Repetition: a principle of design, for an element is used more than once.
  23. Secondary colors: colors made by mixing two primary colors. When red yellow and blue are used as primary colors, the secondary colors are orange green and violet.
  24. Shade: A dark color achieved by changing the value of a color by adding black.
  25. Space: an element of art that is the area in and around objects in a composition.
  26. Style: an artist's special way of creating art; the style of an artwork helps determine how it is different from other artworks.
  27. Symmetrical/Symmetry: a type of balance in which elements are arranged the same on each side of an imaginary line.
  28. Technique: a special way to create artwork, often by following a step-by-step procedure.
  29. Texture: an element of art that is the way an object feels or looks like it feels.
  30. Tint: A light color achieved by changing the value of a color by adding white.
  31. Tone: a color mixed with black and white, a grayed color.
  32. Unity: a principle of design which is the quality of having all parts look as if they belong together; achieved by proximity or repetition.
  33. Value: an element of art that describes the relative lightness or darkness of a color.
  34. Variety: differences achieved by changing elements in a composition to add interest.