What is fluency?

Fluency is defined as the ability to read with speed, accuracy, and proper expression. In order to understand what they read, children must be able to read fluently whether they are reading aloud or silently. When reading aloud, fluent readers read in phrases and add intonation appropriately. Their reading is smooth and has expression.

How to Help

What kids can do to help themselves

  • Track the words with your finger as a parent or teacher reads a passage aloud. Then you read it.
  • Have a parent or teacher read aloud to you. Then, match your voice to theirs.
  • Read your favorite books and poems over and over again. Practice getting smoother and reading with expression.

What parents can do to help at home

  • Support and encourage your child. Realize that he or she is likely frustrated by reading.
  • Check with your child's teachers to find out their assessment of your child's word decoding skills.
  • If your child can decode words well, help him or her build speed and accuracy by:
    1. Reading aloud and having your child match his voice to yours
    2. Having your child practice reading the same list of words, phrase, or short passages several times
    3. Reminding your child to pause between sentences and phrases
  • Read aloud to your child to provide an example of how fluent reading sounds.
  • Give your child books with predictable vocabulary and clear rhythmic patterns so the child can "hear" the sound of fluent reading as he or she reads the book aloud.
  • Use books on tapes; have the child follow along in the print copy.


A quick List

  1. Model fluent reading
  2. Stopwatch readings
  3. Choral reading passages
  4. Marked reading
  5. Re-read favorite books

Activities and Resources
short a- passage.pdf
short e- passage.pdf
short i-passage.pdf
short o- passage.pdf
short u-passage.pdf